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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-18

Law enforcement education and training: A review of literature and critical analysis

College of Health Professions, Chamberlain University, Downers Grove, IL, USA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Gilbert Singletary
College of Health Professions, Chamberlain University, 3005 Highland Parkway, Downers, IL 60515
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/EHP.EHP_10_19

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Background: Recent killings of unarmed Black males murdered on national television has given rise to the successful prosecution of law enforcement officers, as well as new inquiries into officer discretion when applying deadly force. However, few scholars have called into question the methods used to train law enforcement officers, and how academy training prepares law enforcement officers to engage Black males. This research sought to provide a conceptual and cognitive framework for understanding deadly encounters between law enforcement and Black males and provide evidence-based content and recommendations to law enforcement to improve curricula and officer training. Methodology: Using case study methodology, a conflict between a Black male and a law enforcement officer is examined. Results: The results of the study reveal that current law enforcement training and education do not adequately prepare officers with the psychological tools needed to navigate the adversarial relationship between Black males and members of law enforcement. A combination of past experiences and behavior cues elicit responses from both Black males and law enforcement officers that often result in deadly encounters. Conclusions: There is no standardized curriculum for police officers across the United States. The majority of law enforcement training programs focus on physical and tactical elements with strength and firearms training at the core. A robust training that prepares officers for what they will experience in the field is warranted.

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