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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 105-113

Are the pre-internship expectations of interns in medical field met during internship?: Experience from Tanzania


1 Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
2 Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
3 Department of Dental Services, Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
4 Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Karpal S Sohal
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, P. O. Box 65014, Dar es Salaam
Tanzania
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/EHP.EHP_32_21

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Background: The transition period from an undergraduate student to an independent practitioner across healthcare professionals is challenging as new graduates experience a social, professional, and economic life that may be different from their prior expectations. Objective: The aim of this article is to determine the pre-internship expectations of the interns and to what level these expectations were met during internship. Materials and Methods: The study participants were interns posted at the Muhimbili National Hospital who had completed at least 6 months of internship training. A structured questionnaire was used to collect data regarding their social, economic, and career expectations before and during the internship. Data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 23. The χ2 test was used to assess the association between variables, and the significance level was set at P < 0.05. Results: The median age of participants was 26 years, and the male-to-female ratio was 1.7:1. The overall mean pre-internship expectation score was 9.6 ± 3.6, whereas the mean scores were 3.6 ± 2.0, 3.7 ± 1.5, and 2.2 ± 1.4 for social, career, and economic expectations, respectively. The overall average expectation score during the internship was 6.1 ± 4.2. The mean scores were 1.9 ± 2.2, 3.0 ± 1.5, and 1.2 ± 1.5 for social, career, and economic expectations, respectively. There was a significant average difference between the expectation scores before and during the internship period. Conclusion: The pre-internship expectations of students in the field of health sciences are not met during the internship. The career expectations are relatively better met; however, social and economic expectations are largely not achieved during the internship period.


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